Your eyes are one of the most important parts of your body and one of the 5 five senses organs. We require it to see and make sense of things all around us. These important organs are very prone to diseases and disorders. Hence it is important to look out for them and get regular checkups. If you feel any changes in your vision, your eyes feel itchy and dry, or you have a constant headache in the forehead, then it is time to get a full eye examination.
A full examination usually takes about 30-40 minutes. During the full eye examination, the physician will check your eyes thoroughly and show you how your eye looks and the various technicalities involved. They will also explain in simple terms what you should expect during the test and how to read your report, and get a basic understanding of your problems.
The first thing the optometrist checks is your vision and if you have power. They will also look at your glasses if you have any to estimate whether it is what you need. They take your digital measurements and check your focusing power for far and close. They then check how your eyes work together and your color vision. These tests can diagnose myopia, hyperopia, astigmatism, and some other disorders and whether you need any sort of corrective or prescription lenses to help you see the best you can.
External Eye Check
Next, the optometrist will check your cornea for cataracts, dry eyes, or any other issues. This test is especially important for contact lens wearers. They will also check your eye pressure without any numbing gel: this does not cause any discomfort. A corneal topographer is used to image the eye’s surface precisely to determine whether one is suitable to wear contact lenses.
Internal Eye Check
This test includes examining the retina, optic nerve, and macula lutea, the point where the best resolution and clarity image is formed. This is vital to eliminate the possibility of any serious issues which would be difficult to correct later. A dilating eye drop might be used sometimes to facilitate the optometrist to look further deeper into the eye. Digital retinal imaging is also used to monitor subtle changes over time.
Thus, getting your eyes checked regularly, whether on your doctor’s recommendation or whenever you feel any change in your vision or the feel of your eyes, is crucial to eliminate any issues that could take place in the future. Losing one’s eyes is devastating, and the best way to avoid that is by regular checkups and treatments.